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What is Tympanometry?

Tympanometry is a noninvasive diagnostic test used to evaluate middle ear function. During the test, a small device called a probe is inserted into the patient's external ear canal. The probe creates an airtight seal in the ear canal and emits a tone while measuring the eardrum's response to different levels of air pressure.

The tympanometry test measures the mobility of the eardrum, the ability of the middle ear to transmit sound and the air pressure in the middle ear. The test results can help determine if there is a problem in the middle ear, such as eustachian tube obstruction, fluid in the middle ear, perforation of the eardrum, dysfunction of the middle ear ossicles, among others.

Tympanometry is a quick, painless and safe test that can be performed on patients of all ages, from newborns to older adults. The test can also be performed on patients with cochlear implants or hearing aids.

In summary, tympanometry is a useful test to evaluate middle ear function and can help identify potential middle ear problems that may affect the patient's hearing.

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Objective of a Tympanometry?

The main purpose of tympanometry is to evaluate the function of the middle ear, specifically, the mobility of the tympanic membrane and the ossicles of the middle ear. The test can also identify the presence of fluid in the middle ear, obstructions in the ear canal, tympanic perforations and other problems that may affect hearing.

Tympanometry can help diagnose different middle ear conditions, including:

  1. Ear infections: Tympanometry can detect if there is fluid in the middle ear, which may be a sign of an ear infection.

  2. Eustachian tube dysfunction: tympanometry can assess whether the eustachian tube is functioning properly, which can be a problem in cases of ear infections or sinusitis.

  3. Otitis media: Tympanometry can help diagnose otitis media, an inflammation of the middle ear that causes pain and hearing loss.

  4. Tympanometry can detect if there is a perforation in the tympanic membrane, which can be caused by ear infections or injuries.

  5. Ear pressure problems: tympanometry can assess the air pressure in the middle ear, which can be useful in diagnosing problems such as barotrauma, which can occur when there are sudden changes in altitude, such as during an airplane flight.

In summary, the purpose of tympanometry is to evaluate middle ear function and detect any problems that may affect a person's hearing. The test is very useful in diagnosing different middle ear conditions and can help healthcare professionals determine the best treatment for each patient.

Advantages of Tympanometry?

Tympanometry is a test that evaluates the function of the middle ear and has several advantages as a diagnostic test, among them:

  1. Detects middle ear problems: Tympanometry is a very useful test to detect middle ear problems, such as the presence of fluid in the middle ear, ear infections, Eustachian tube dysfunction, among others.

  2. Accuracy: Tympanometry is a highly accurate and objective test that provides detailed measurements of the patient's middle ear function. Results are based on quantitative measurements and can be compared to normal standards.

  3. Versatility: Tympanometry can be performed on patients of all ages and with different levels of hearing ability. It can also be performed on patients with communication problems, such as those with intellectual or speech disabilities.

  4. Non-invasive: Tympanometry is a non-invasive and painless test. No anesthesia or surgery is required and no ionizing radiation is used.

  5. Customization: Tympanometry can be tailored to the needs of each patient, as it can be performed in different environments, with different methods and technologies, depending on the patient's age and hearing ability.

  6. Complements other tests: tympanometry can be performed in conjunction with other diagnostic hearing tests, such as audiometry, to provide more complete information about the patient's hearing function.

In summary, tympanometry is an accurate, versatile, non-invasive, customizable and complementary test that provides valuable information about the functioning of a person's middle ear. These advantages allow healthcare professionals to diagnose and treat hearing problems in an effective and personalized way for each patient.

Disadvantages of Tympanometry?

Tympanometry is a noninvasive diagnostic test and generally presents no health risk. However, like any test, it may present some drawbacks, such as:

  1. Discomfort: During tympanometry, a small plug is inserted into the ear canal, which may cause a slight sensation of discomfort or pressure in the ear. Although this is not painful, it may be uncomfortable for some patients.

  2. Requires patient cooperation: Tympanometry requires the patient's cooperation, especially in young children or people with communication problems, as it is necessary to remain still and without talking during the test to obtain accurate results.

  3. Limitations: Although tympanometry is a very useful test to evaluate middle ear function, it has some limitations. For example, it cannot diagnose hearing loss caused by inner ear or auditory nerve problems.

  4. Interpretation: Interpretation of tympanometry results can be complex and requires experience and expertise in audiology. Therefore, it is important that the test be performed by a trained and experienced professional.

In summary, although tympanometry is a generally safe and noninvasive test, it may present some drawbacks, such as discomfort, need for patient cooperation, limitations and complexity in the interpretation of the results. However, these drawbacks are minor compared to the benefits the test provides for the diagnosis and treatment of hearing problems.


At Sontec Hearing Centers we are sure that tympanometry is a very important test to evaluate hearing health and diagnose different middle ear conditions. We offer audiology services, so it is crucial that we promote the performance of this test for all those who present symptoms of hearing problems or who are at risk of developing them.

To promote our tympanometry services, we use different communication channels, such as:

The article you are currently reading, in which we include detailed information about tympanometry in our blog, explaining what the test consists of, its objectives, advantages and disadvantages.

We also provide a step-by-step guide on our YouTube channel on how the test is performed and what to expect during the test in this video.

In social networks: we disseminate information about tympanometry and other tests for hearing health and share testimonials of patients who have taken the test and have improved their quality of life thanks to a timely diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, we advise you to follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

Awareness campaigns: we can organize awareness campaigns on the importance of hearing health and offer free tympanometry tests to people at risk of hearing problems, such as older adults, workers exposed to excessive noise and people with a family history of hearing loss.

Sontec Hearing Centers offers a free in-depth hearing evaluation, from which we recommend the best solution to the problem according to the needs of each individual.

To this end, we have highly qualified audiologists and audiology professionals, registered in Spain and the United Kingdom, who take care of all the hearing health needs of their clients.



We also work together with the Junta de Andalucía and the Andalusian Health Service, as well as with several organizations based in the United Kingdom.

For more information, please contact any of our hearing centers:

Sontec La Cala de Mijas 

Plaza del Bulevar, 26 B, 29649 Mijas | +34 952-467-675

Sontec Fuengirola

Calle Hermanos Pinzón 4, Edificio Florida II, Local 9ºA, 29640 Fuengirola | +34 952 667 402

info@sontec.es | https://sontec.es

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